Halfway through pruning, with a heap of discarded branches at my feet, I decided that I would use Google to actually read about pruning, as opposed to just going by the seat of my pants and cutting off branches that got in the way or were shaped too strangely.
"bring the remaining canes to at least half height being certain to
make your cuts above an outward facing bud on the canes"
What are canes? And the buds are at the ends of the branches, so how can I cut above them?!
"Make your cuts at a 45-degree angle"
A little too late!
"Most rose pruning is done in the spring, with the blooming of the
forsythia as a signal to get moving."
Hm, what if all the other plants you have other than rose bushes are weeds??
Then I read this wonderful article that began:
PRUNING ROSES 101
by Nanette Londeree, Consulting Rosarian
There seems to be a lot of mystery surrounding rose pruning, as well as lots of
"rules" to follow in order to do it correctly. If I have learned anything over the
last decade of pruning hundreds of roses, it is that roses are very forgiving. If
you cut too high, too low, at an inward facing bud rather than an outward facing
one, in the long run, it really will not make a lot of difference. If the resulting
growth does not grow in the fashion or direction you desire, cut it again to correct
it. Once you realize that there is not too much one can do wrong, it makes the whole
job much easier.
The whole job is indeed much easier! Thank you "Nanette Londeree"! (That's an odd name. Though she would probably think my name is odd as well.)